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Friday, April 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Intra-urban mortality and air quality found in the catalog.

Intra-urban mortality and air quality

John J. Gregor

Intra-urban mortality and air quality

an economic analysis of the costs of pollution induced mortality

by John J. Gregor

  • 34 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Research Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Corvallis, Oreg, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Air -- Pollution -- Economic aspects -- United States.,
  • Air -- Pollution -- United States -- Physiological aspects.,
  • Mortality -- United States.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby John J. Gregor ; The Center for the Study of Environmental Policy, The Pennsylvania State University.
    SeriesSocioeconomic environmental studies series ; EPA-600/5-77-009
    ContributionsCorvallis Environmental Research Laboratory., Pennsylvania State University. Center for the Study of Environmental Policy.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 85 p. :
    Number of Pages85
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17534922M

    Urban air quality is a topic which remains high on the scientific and political agenda. Concentrations of most air pollutants are higher in urban areas than in the surrounding rural regions, and given the high population densities, it is within urban areas that the majority of . The city of Fort Collins experienced air quality that was seven times worse than the daily average (Ch. Air Quality, KM 2). Storms washed ash and debris into the Cache la Poudre River, polluting the city’s drinking water source for residents and industries. In another example, two inches of rain fell in a single hour in Pittsburgh Cited by: 6.   High resolution aerosol data from MODIS satellite for urban air quality studies Filling in missing sea-surface temperature satellite data over the Eastern Mediterranean Sea using the DINEOF algorithm Predictive modeling for preventive Archaeology: overview and case studyCited by: 9. This book is based on an important idea having innumerable implications: of that stuff had much effect on the quality of people’s lives. Almost everyone lived on the modern equivalent of $ to $ a year, just motor vehicles replacing horses as the primary form of intra-urban transporta-tion; no longer did society have to allocate File Size: KB.


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Intra-urban mortality and air quality by John J. Gregor Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Intra-urban mortality and air quality: an economic analysis of the costs of pollution induced mortality. [John J Gregor; United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research Intra-urban mortality and air quality book Development.].

EPA/ July INTRA-URBAN MORTALITY AND AIR QUALITY: AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE COSTS OF POLLUTION INDUCED MORTALITY BY John J.

Gregor The Center for the Study of Environmental Policy The Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania Grant R Project Officer John Jaksch Criteria and Assessment Branch Corvallis. @article{osti_, title = {Intra-urban variability of air pollution in Windsor, Ontario-Measurement and modeling for human exposure assessment}, author = {Wheeler, Amanda J.

and Smith-Doiron, Marc and Xiaohong, Xu and Gilbert, Nicolas L and Brook, Jeffrey R}, abstractNote = {There are acknowledged difficulties in epidemiological studies to accurately assign exposure to air pollution for.

Pennsylvania State University. Center for the Study of Environmental Policy Intra-urban mortality and air quality book, and undated Air Pollution and Intra-Urban Mortality Proposal, Intra-Urban Mortality and Air Quality Final Report, Undated. Intra-urban air pollution in a rapidly growing Sahelian city Article in Intra-urban mortality and air quality book international 40(1) April with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Intra-urban mortality and air quality book in intra-urban air monitoring, such as spatial saturation sampling and land use regression (LUR) modeling [1][2][3][4][5] [6] [7][8], have substantially improved epidemiological.

tive study of mortality in adults initiated inwas one of two U.S. cohort studies central to the debate on the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for fine particulate air pollution in the United States. Because of the high impor-tance of the original ACS study in formulating reg-ulations and the controversy generated by the.

Over the last two decades, many epidemiologic studies have confirmed the positive association between air pollution and mortality [5,6,7,8,9,10]. To analyze these effects, air pollution epidemiology studies with useful assessment techniques have been implemented to detect the small increase in risk due to increase in the background pollution by: 4.

Assessing traffic-related air pollution exposure and asthma outcomes. Earlier research focused primarily on pollutants for which National Ambient Air Quality Standards exist, including particulate matter, sulfur dioxide (SO 2), ozone (O 3), and nitrogen Intra-urban mortality and air quality book (NO 2).It is now understood that traffic emissions, especially from diesel trucks and buses, contribute a large proportion to air Cited by: Finally, indicators of and/or higher intra-urban LSTs have been shown to correlate with higher summertime energy use Intra-urban mortality and air quality book, and excess mortality and morbidity [20,53,54].

The fact that residents living in formerly redlined areas may face higher financial burdens due to higher energy and more frequent health bills further exacerbates the long Author: Jeremy S. Hoffman, Vivek Shandas, Nicholas Pendleton. Summary of precedent studies are also listed in Table 2 3 Theory And Methodology Review o f Health, Economic Impacts a nd Environmental Equity Correlations Between Air Pollution a nd Human Health A series of health endpoints including short term/long term mortality and mobility could be attributed to pm pollution (Wilson et al., The purpose of this study was to analyze quantitative relationships between air pollution and mortality, and to examine the impact of migration on pollution-related mortality functions.

Dose-response functions were estimated for intra-urban variations in ambient air quality for the city of Jacksonville, Florida. In a previous essay, Gottinger [5], we investigated air pollutions’s aggravation effect on intra-urban mortality by a cross-sectional statistical analysis.

A natural further step is to quantify these costs on the basis of modern approaches of cost-benefit analysis, Freeman [4].Author: Hans W. Gottinger. Book description Spatial Data Analysis: Theory and Practice, first published inprovides a broad ranging treatment of the field of spatial data analysis.

It begins with an overview of spatial data analysis and the importance of location (place, context and space) Intra-urban mortality and air quality book scientific and policy related research.

Dear Colleagues, I am organizing a Special Issue on “Transportation-Related Air Pollution and Human Health” for the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public journal is peer-reviewed and publishes articles and communications in the interdisciplinary area of environmental health sciences and public health.

Urban overheating is documented for more than major cities in the world. Numerous experimental data show that the magnitude of the average temperature increase may exceed C, while at the peak may exceed 10 C.

Increased ambient temperatures cause a serious impact on the cooling energy consumption, peak electricity demand, heat related mortality and morbidity, urban environmental Cited by: 3. Cities are complex systems where many factors interconnect, therefore multidisciplinary research is crucial to understand their functional capacity and to improve the quality of life that these spaces offer.

This research provides a decade of scientific literature review ( to ) about urban forest, air quality and health. This review aims to increase the discussion of the importance of Author: B.L. Arantes, T. Mauad, D.F. Da Silva Filho. Numerous studies have investigated the impacts of ambient fine particulate matter (PM) on human health.

In this study, we examined the association of daily PM concentrations with the number of deaths for the cerebrovascular disease on the same day, using the generalized additive model (GAM) controlling for temporal trend and meteorological : Khadija Akter Leepe, Mei Li, Xin Fang, Ayako Hiyoshi, Ayako Hiyoshi, Yang Cao.

I. Studies on urban forest and health II. Studies on urban forest and air quality III. Studies on urban forest, health and air quality All papers follow the inclusion criteria: published in indexed journals; published in full English; original works related to research with central themes on urban forest, street trees, environmental, medicine, health, air quality, air pollution, cities; and.

The mean radiant temperature (T mrt) is an effective indicator to characterize the urban thermal radiant environment and assess outdoor thermal comfort and heat this study, the SOLWEIG model (SOlar and Long Wave Environmental Irradiance Geometry) was employed to investigate the spatial variation of T mrt in different urban settings in by: EPA September METHODS DEVELOPMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL BENEFITS ASSESSMENT Volume II SIX STUDIES OF HEALTH BENEFITS FROM AIR POLLUTION CONTROL by Scott E.

Atkinson, Thomas D. Crocker, Ralph C. d'Arge Shelby Gerking and William D. Schulze University of Wyoming Laramie, Wyoming Shaul Ben David and Reza Pazand.

The scientific goals of the HOME AIR project include 1) quantifying current and future health risks of an older population to urban air pollution and extreme heat, indoors and outdoors; 2) improving understanding of how emerging trends in building design and management practices affect indoor air quality; and 3) building local capacity in.

The following overview summarises the climatic and air-hygienic effects as well as the climate-related design recommendations for intra-urban green spaces (according to different authors): reduction of surface and air temperatures by means of shading and evapotranspiration (q v,W 20 °C ̴ MJ/kg water; negative correlation of surface Cited by:   Air Quality Guidelines Particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide Global Update Air Quality Guidelines Global Update Abstract The WHO air quality guidelines offer guidance to policy-makers on reducing the effects on health of air pollution.

This book presents revised guideline values for the four most common air pollutants – particulate matter. “The Short-Term Association of Selected Components of Fine Particulate Matter and Mortality in the Denver Aerosol Sources and Health (DASH) Study,” Environmental Health,DOI /s, Remote Sensing of Surface Air Quality: New Insight into Intra-Urban Variability in Tropospheric NO 2 and HCHO (PI); NASA 4// CAREER: Air Quality Impacts of Dynamic Forest-Atmosphere-Chemistry Interactions (PI); NSF 3// PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS: Geddes JA, Martin RV, Bucsela EJ, McLinden C, and Cunningham DJM.

Air pollution affects billions of people worldwide, yet ambient pollution measurements are limited for much of the world. Urban air pollution concentrations vary sharply over short distances (≪1 km) owing to unevenly distributed emission sources, dilution, and physicochemical transformations.

Accordingly, even where present, conventional fixed-site pollution monitoring methods lack the Cited by: Intra-urban vulnerability to heat-related mortality in New York City, – Published Date: Sep 06 between the MRR65+ and neighborhood-level characteristics: poverty, poor housing conditions, lower rates of access to air-conditioning, impervious land cover, surface temperatures aggregated to the area-level, and seniors.

An air quality inquiry: A curricular approach to preparing student mentors of air quality research projects in rural schools. ; Source and influence of hydroxyl radicals on the photoaging of particulate matter in the environment.

ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. Urban air pollution is a major health and environmental concern worldwide, and the levels are extremely high in New Delhi, India.

This research is focused on the spatial and temporal variability of air pollutant concentrations and its implications for population exposure in New Delhi. Since traffic is considered a significant source of air pollutants in urban environments, robust and multiple Cited by: 1.

The Mexico City Air Quality Case Study Develop natural gas as a potential transportation fuel for urban buses and intra-urban trucks Prohibit illegal vehicle conversions to run on LPG without adequate emission controls Recommendations (short term) Improve Data Establish reliable registration database.

() Estimates of mortality. MCEN - Air Pollution Control Engineering Primary Instructor - Spring Introduces air quality regulations, meteorology and modeling. Examines methods for controlling major classes of air pollutants, including particulate matter and oxides of sulfur and nitrogen, as well as control technology for industrial sources and motor vehicles.

Science and Technology. Various reports have discussed the critical role of urban meteorological observations and forecasting for various aspects of society, such as public health, public safety and security, transportation, water resource management, storm water runoff, and economic development.

New York City Community Air Survey. The Health Department and Queens College (QC-CUNY) are conducting the New York City Community Air Survey (NYCCAS) to evaluate how air quality differs across New York City. This program studies how pollutants from traffic, buildings (boilers and furnaces), and other sources impact air quality in different neighborhoods.

Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. July 8, Newsletter EPA Updates. Spruce Up. Using Green Roofs and Green Spaces to Beat the Heat – Join this minute webinar to learn how green roofs and other green spaces are being used to address urban heat across the country.

The webinar will highlight the many benefits that such practices can bring, such as how green roofs are improving air quality and public health in Kansas City. This edition of the State of the World’s Citiesadvances this objective by breaking new ground in the area of urban data col-lection, analysis and dissemination.

For the first time in the his-tory of the United Nations, urban data is reported here at slum and non-slum. We model intraurban intake fraction (iF) values for distributed ground-level emissions in all global cities with more than inhabitants, encompassing a total population of billion.

For conserved primary pollutants, population-weighted median, mean, and interquartile range iF values 39, and 14–52 ppm, respectively, where 1 ppm signifies 1 g inhaled/t by: The epidemiological profile of the populations has changed throughout history and populace spaces.

Throughout the years, epidemiologists have studied the changes in the epidemiological profiles of the populations, employing, according to the given health figures, the health of the populations, using specially the mortality data of the information systems in the entire by: 1.

Urban agriculture, urban farming, or urban gardening is the practice of cultivating, processing, and distributing food in or around urban areas. Urban agriculture can also involve animal husbandry, aquaculture, agroforestry, urban beekeeping, and activities occur in peri-urban areas as well, and peri-urban agriculture may have different characteristics.

Selected SCI Journal Publications: (12) (8) Pdf H. C., Wong M. S.*, Yang L., Shi W. S., Chan T. C., Bilal M., (), Influences of socioeconomic.AIR POLLUTION AND PUBLIC HEALTH hot spots and environmental justice and equity considerations. Innovative policy initiatives to complement standards-based air quality management approaches are identified, including integrated strategies oriented toward achieving climate change co-benefits and broader sustainability objectives.In the light of the framework ebook forward, the main contribution of this ebook is twofold: first, it identifies the most pressing issues surrounding slums based on current understandings, which ranges from theory to practice; and second, it puts forward a future integrated research agenda for developing a deeper understanding of the fundamental underlying processes that define and shape by: